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Joint Soviet-Indian Declaration (1982)

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Republic of India, recalling the tradition of friendship and cooperation between the Governments and peoples of the two countries and expressing their resolve to further develop and deepen Soviet-Indian relations, reaffirming their commitment to promote international peace and cooperation in accordance with the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter,

convinced that the establishment in international relations of the principles of peaceful coexistence serve the interests of all peoples, concerned over the deterioration of the international situation, the escalation of the arms race and the increasing threat of war and aware of their responsibility for the preservation of international peace and security,

determined to make common efforts to promote international understanding and detente, to support the national independence of peoples and to oppose all manifestations of imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism and apartheid,

declare their resolve to continue to develop and strengthen their friendly relations, consolidated by the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation, in the interest of the peoples of the two countries and the cause of international peace.

1

The Soviet Union and India express their profound satisfaction at the effectiveness of their multi-faceted cooperation, which constitutes a valuable asset for the two countries. Soviet-Indian relations are characterised by respect and trust between the leaders and peoples and by the diversity of spheres and forms of cooperation between the two countries. These relations are based on the strict observance of the principles of sovereignty, equality, independence, mutual respect and non-interference of any kind in each other’s internal affairs. This is a shining example of peaceful coexistence of States with different socio-economic systems.

The two sides reaffirm that the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation concluded between them is a symbol of the traditional friendship between the USSR and India and of their commitment to international peace and detente.

Both sides note with satisfaction the large scale and high level of their cooperation in the fields of economy, trade, science and technology, which is being carried out on a planned basis and is of a mutually-beneficial and long-term character. They agreed to examine possibilities for the further expansion of cooperation in such areas as ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, coal and oil, machine-building and power.

Both sides reaffirmed their resolve to ensure a 1.5 to 2-fold increase in the volume of trade by 1986 as envisaged in the Long-Term Programme of Economic, Trade, Scientific and Technical Cooperation of March 14, 1979 and to maintain a high-growth rate in trade over the period up to 1990. For this purpose they will make efforts to increase further the trade turnover and to identify new forms of commercial relations.

The Soviet Union and India welcome the expansion of cooperation between them in the fields of fundamental and applied sciences and technology. The two sides agree that there is scope for expanding their cooperation in several key areas of science and technology. They consider it necessary to continue to improve and strengthen their ties in the sphere of science and technology as well as their search for new areas and forms of such cooperation in the interests of accelerating the scientific and technological progress in both countries.

The two sides stressed the important role of the Inter- Governmental Soviet-Indian Commission on Economic, Scientific and Technological Cooperation in organising and coordinating the work related to the fulfilment of mutual obligations as well as to the search for and the identification of new areas and modes of trade, economic, scientific and technological ties between the USSR and India. They noted with satisfaction the progress made at the recent seventh session of the Commission, which set concrete targets for the organisations of both sides in this area for the immediate future.

The Indian side appreciates the significant contribution made by the Soviet Union towards India’s efforts to achieve self-reliance in various fields.

The two sides noted the successful development of Soviet-Indian exchanges in the field of culture. They reaffirmed the great significance they attach to the further strengthening of these ties in the interests of deepening mutual understanding and mutual enrichment of the cultural life of the Soviet and Indian peoples.

2

The two sides express their grave concern over the aggravation of the international situation, the acceleration of the arms race, above all in the field of nuclear armaments, and the development of new types of weapons of mass destruction, the persistence of old and the emergence of new tensions. In this context, they call for fresh efforts to defuse tensions, improve the international situation, strengthen detente and extend it to all parts of the world.

The Soviet Union and India reiterate their firm commitment that international relations should develop on the basis of strict observance of the universally recognised fundamental principles such as renunciation of the threat or use of force, equality, respect for the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of States, inviolability of borders and non-interference of any kind whatsoever in each other’s internal affairs.

The Soviet Union and India are agreed that in the present disturbed situation in the world persistent efforts are needed on the part of all States regardless of differences in their social systems, to strengthen international peace and security, to eliminate the threat of war, to curb the arms race, above all in nuclear weapons, and to implement concrete measures in the field of disarmament.

Both sides believe that mankind’s supreme interests urgently demand strict compliance with the principles of peaceful coexistence in relations among states, strengthening confidence and mutual understanding between them, the exercise of restraint and implementing practical measures for an early elimination of the existing hotbeds of armed conflict and tension and preventing the emergence of new ones.

The Soviet Union and India are firmly convinced that the cessation of the arms race, above all in nuclear weapons, and the implementation, without further delay of effective measures towards general and complete disarmament under effective international control and the prevention of nuclear war is the task of paramount importance facing the world today. Both sides reiterate their willingness to cooperate fully with each other and with all other states in achieving this goal.

The Indian side welcomed the Soviet Union’s declaration not to be the first to use nuclear weapons. Both sides consider this as an important step towards a complete ban on the threat or use of nuclear weapons. The adoption of similar obligations by other nuclear weapons states would contribute to the achievement of this objective.

Both sides stressed the special responsibility of nuclear weapons states to take urgent measures towards general and complete disarmament, especially nuclear disarmament. They expressed their willingness to give serious consideration to all constructive proposals towards this end.

The Soviet side supported the Indian proposal calling for the negotiation of a convention on the non-use of nuclear weapons. Both sides stressed the importance of a freeze on the production and deployment of nuclear weapons, as well as the production of fissionable nuclear materials for the purpose of manufacturing nuclear weapons.

Both sides support the immediate suspension of all nuclear weapons tests and the speedy conclusion of a treaty on complete and general prohibition of nuclear weapons tests.

The two sides call for an early prohibition and elimination of chemical weapons and for the prohibition of the development of new types of weapons of mass destruction.

A part of funds which will be released in the process of disarmament should be channeled towards rendering assistance to developing countries.

The Soviet Union and India reaffirm the importance of international cooperation in the preservation and consolidation of peace and stability in Asia and in the world as a whole on the basis of the principles of peaceful coexistence. They are convinced that outstanding international issues can and should be resolved by peaceful means so as to enable the countries of the region to devote their energies to the task of national development.

The two sides expressed their concern over the serious deterioration of the situation in the Middle East resulting from Israel’s expansionist and aggressive policy which is in flagrant violation of the principles of United Nations Charter and elementary norms of international law. They resolutely condemn Israel’s unprovoked invasion of Lebanon and the brutal killing of Lebanese and Palestinian civilians and demand the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of Israeli forces from Lebanon.

The two sides emphasise the urgent need for a comprehensive, durable and just settlement of the West Asia problem based on the complete withdrawal of Israel’s forces from all the Arab territories occupied by it, the satisfaction of the just demands of the Arab people of Palestine, whose sole and legitimate representative is the Palestine Liberation Organisation, and securing their legitimate rights including their inalienable right to the establishment of their own state as well as ensuring the right of all states of West Asia to independent existence and development.

The Soviet Union and India express themselves in favour of a speedy peaceful settlement of the armed conflict between Iran and Iraq. They support the efforts of the United Nations and especially of the Non-Aligned Movement towards this end.

The two sides express serious concern over the continuation of the hotbeds of tension in South-West Asia and reaffirm their conviction that the problems of the region demand peaceful political solutions paying full respect to the independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-aligned status of the countries of the region. They call upon the countries of the region to expeditiously terminate the armed conflicts, to exercise restraint and cooperate constructively for reducing tension and restoring peace. The Soviet Union and India reiterate their opposition to all forms of outside interference in the internal affairs of the countries of the region. They are confident that negotiated political solutions alone can guarantee a durable settlement of the existing problems of the region.

The Soviet Union and India support the desire of the States in South-East Asia for the normalisation of the situation in that region and for making it an area of durable peace and stability. They also support the efforts of the countries of South-East Asia to develop relations of good neighbourliness and cooperation. The Soviet Union and India strongly oppose outside interference in the internal affairs of these countries.

The Soviet Union and India express their grave concern over the dangerous situation in the Indian Ocean and call for the dismantling of all foreign military and naval bases in the area, for preventing the 11 cation of new bases and condemn any attempts to build up foreign military presence in the Indian Ocean.

I he two sides call for the early implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Indian Ocean as a Zone of Peace and support the decision of the United Nations General Assembly to convene a Conference on the Indian Ocean in the first half of 1983. They reiterated their support for the just claim of Mauritian sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago, including Diego Garcia.

The Soviet Union and India give full support to the rights of the peoples still under colonial domination to independence and demand that the United Nations decisions on decolonisation be strictly complied with. They confirm their solidarity with the struggle for the complete elimination of racism and apartheid in South Africa.

Both sides call for the prompt and full implementation of the United Nations decisions on the independence of Namibia, an immediate cessation of its occupation, the withdrawal of South- African troops from its territory, and reiterate their full support to SWAPO, the sole representative of the Namibian people. The Soviet Union and India demand the termination of acts of armed aggression by the racist regime of South Africa against independent African states.

The two sides favour the restructuring of international economic relations on a just and democratic basis and the establishment of a new international economic order. The solution of this pressing task would serve the interests of all mankind. They condemn any manifestations of the policy of neo-colonialism, discrimination and methods of pressure of any kind in inter-state economic relations. Both sides favour the ensuring of fair and equitable prices for the exports of developing countries. They favour the early launching of global negotiations of major economic problems in accordance with the decisions of the United Nations General Assembly.

3

The Soviet Union and India agree that regular contacts and reciprocal friendly visits by their leaders have become a happy tradition in the relations between the two countries and contribute significantly to the further development of friendship and cooperation between them. The two sides agreed to continue this practice of contacts and consultations. 

Both sides noted the special significance of Soviet-Indian meetings at the highest level which promote the advancement of the entire range of relations between the two countries, deepen their mutual understanding and cooperation and make a significant contribution to the strengthening of international peace and security.

The two sides expressed profound satisfaction at the results of the official friendly visit paid to the Soviet Union by the Prime Minister of India, H.E. Shrimati Indira Gandhi. The visit has further strengthened mutual trust between the leaders and the ties of close friendship between the peoples of the USSR and India.

H.E. Shrimati Indira Gandhi expressed sincere gratitude to the leadership and the people of the Soviet Union for the warm welcome accorded to her and her party. The Prime Minister of India invited the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSIJ, President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, H.E. Mr. L.I. Brezhnev, and the Member of the Politbureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, H.E. Mr. N.A. Tikhonov, to visit India.

The invitations were accepted with gratitude.


LEONID BREZHNEV

General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.


INDIRA GANDHI

Prime Minister of the Republic of India


MOSCOW, September 21, 1982