The Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Republic of India
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Military and military-technical cooperation

Military-technical cooperation between India and Russia as the successor of the USSR has been going on since 1960. Currently, New Delhi acquires a wide range of weapons and military equipment in Russia. There are over 200 industrial facilities in the country built with the technical assistance of Russian (Soviet) specialists, licensed production, repair and maintenance of armored, aviation and naval equipment, anti-tank missile systems and ammunition of various types. Joint research and development activities are underway to create new weapons and military equipment systems. 

The legal framework of bilateral relations in this sphere are: 

  • Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of India on military cooperation (January 28, 1993); 
  • Agreement between the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of India of October 22, 1996; 
  • Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of India on the creation of the Indian-Russian Intergovernmental Commission on Military-Technical Cooperation (IRIGC-MTC, October 3, 2000); 
  • Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of India on mutual protection of confidential materials (October 3, 2000); 
  • Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of India on the mutual protection of intellectual property rights during the MTC (December 6, 2005); 
  • The “Roadmap” for the development of bilateral military cooperation between the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of India of June 23, 2017, as well as more than 20 other intergovernmental agreements in this field. 

At the same time, bilateral planning is mutually carried out on a long-term basis within the framework of the MTC Program for the period 2011–2020 (an intergovernmental agreement was signed on December 7, 2009. 

The IRIGC-MTC is the main working body that oversees the implementation of cooperation plans and the progress of ongoing projects. A total of 18 meetings held, the last - in December 2018 in New Delhi. Within the framework of this event, a protocol was signed on the transformation of the Russian-Indian Intergovernmental Commission for MTC in the IRIGC on military and military-technical cooperation. The first meeting will be held in Russia in the second half of 2019. The meeting is expected to determine the composition of the new structure, form working groups and subgroups. 

Russia ranks first in the field of military-technical cooperation between India and foreign countries, acquiring more than 60% of military and technical equipment, including the procurement of spare parts and components for licensed production of weapons and military equipment. 

On December 12-13, 2018, Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation, Army General Sergey Shoigu visited New Delhi on a working visit to attend the 18th meeting of the Russian-Indian Intergovernmental Commission on Military-Technical Cooperation (IRIGC-MTC). 

In 2018, the following events were also held as part of the military delegation exchanges: 

in Russia

  • a working visit of Minister of Defence of the Republic of India Nirmala Sitharaman to attend the VII Conference on International Security in Moscow; 
  • a working visit of the Chairman of the Chiefs of Staffs Committee - Chief of the Naval Staff of the Indian Army, Admiral Sunil Lanba; 
  • a working visit of Chief of the Army Staff, General Bipin Rawat; 
  • participation of the Indian delegation in the International Forum “National Security Week” organized by the Ministry of Defense of Russia; 
  • staff talks between representatives of the Indian Navy and the Russian Navy; 
  • a visit by the Naval Academy Military Educational Scientific Center of the Russian Navy by the delegation of the Indian Naval Academy; 
  • a visit by the leadership of the Academy of Land Forces of India to the Mikhailovsky Military Artillery Academy; a visit by a delegation of the head of the engineering forces of the North Indian Army; 
  • a visit of the delegation of the hydrographic service of the Indian Navy; 
  • participation of the Indian delegation and the Indian Navy orchestra in the main naval parade in St. Petersburg;

in India: 

  • staff talks between representatives of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and the Integrated Defence Staff of the Indian Armed Forces; 
  • a visit by the head of the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Colonel-General V. B. Zarudnitsky to the Indian National Defence College; 
  • a visit by the Head of the Military Training Scientific Center of the Ground Forces of Russia “Combined Arms Academy of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation” Lieutenant-General A.Yu. Avdeev to the Military College of the North India; 
  • the participation of the Head of the Military Training Scientific Center of the Russian Navy “Naval Academy” Vice Admiral V.L.Kasatonov in the events dedicated to the tenth anniversary of the creation of the Naval Symposium of the Indian Ocean; 
  • the visit of the delegation of the Military Training Scientific Center of the Air Force of Russia Professor N.Ye. Zhukovsky Air Force Academy   and Yu.A. Gagarin ”to the Academy of the Air Force of India; 
  • a visit by a delegation led by the Deputy Chief of the Main Staff of the Land Forces of the Russian Federation Lieutenant-General A. Budyshkin to the training grounds of the Indian Army in Rajasthan; 
  • a visit of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Material and Technical Services of the RF Armed Forces, Major General L.V. Chumakov; 
  • visiting the international exhibition of land and naval armaments “Defexpo-2018” by a delegation of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation; 
  • a visit of the delegation of the Navigation and Oceanography Department of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. 

Joint exercises between the two Armed Forces are held under the title “INDRA”. In 2018 Russia hosted the first stage of the Russian-Indian air force exercise “Avia Indra-2018” and India hosted “Indra-2018” Russian-Indian Ground Forces exercises; “Indra Navy-2018”, the second stage of the Russian-Indian air force exercise “Avia Indra-2018”. 

What is more, representatives of the Indian Armed Forces took part in the “Tank Biathlon” and “Elbrus Ring” competitions of the International Army Games-2018, and also visited several other stages of the international military competitions as observers. 

In August 2018, Indian Army for the first time sent a 200-member contingent to Russia to participate in the multilateral exercises “Peaceful Mission” held within the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.